Beginning Guide to Hardanger Embroidery Stitches

Share with your friends...Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterPrint this pagePin on PinterestShare on Google+

Welcome to this Friday’s VTNS Fan Freebie!

Who doesn’t love those heirloom baby and wedding items made using Hardanger embroidery? So dainty and beautiful, and if you know how to do a satin stitch, really not that hard to do.

Hardanger embroidery or “Hardangersøm” is a form of embroidery traditionally worked with thread on even-weave cloth, using counted thread and drawn thread work techniques.

Hardanger got it’s name from the women of the Town of Hardanger in Norway who were experts in this type of embroidery. Although the modern form of the work originated in Norway, the same stitches can be found on the wonderful embroideries of ancient Persia and Asia.

Equipment for Hardanger embroidery work is simple, consisting of very sharp pointed scissors, embroidery thread and crewel needles. The material is woven with a square, even mesh.

All outlining or Kloster stitch blocks are done before cutting the threads for drawnwork. It’s best to do the large spaces first, working down to the smaller details.

Heavier thread is usually used for the Kloster or Satin Stiches and the finer thread for weaving and filling in stitches.

Kloster stitch is generally worked over four threads and there are always five stitches for each single block, with four stitches added for each consecutive block.

Stitches of Hardanger Embroidery Illus 3 - Vintage Crafts and MoreStitches of Hardanger Embroidery Illus 4 - Vintage Crafts and MoreSatin stitch is only worked over less than four threads when it is not depended upon as an outline for cut work.

To add Picots to the bars, work half way down, take the end of thread attached to work and twist it around the needle three times, hold in place and draw the needle through, pulling the thread tight and finish weaving the bar.

Below is an example of using the Kloster stitch over eight threads. Note that the center five stitches are worked over eight threads with four stitches on either side to give balance.

Stitches of Hardanger Embroidery Illus 5 - Vintage Crafts and MoreAnother form of Kloster stitch is illustrated here:

Stitches of Hardanger Embroidery Illus 1 - Vintage Crafts and More

These stitches are not used as an edge for cut work, but as a decorative stitch on the material.

There are several ways of forming corners. In the illustration below, the first two are used to form straight edges on either side of a Hardanger design. It’s simply a choice as to whether a mitered or diagonal corner is used, since they are usually a decorative stitch. The buttonhole edge and corner adds strength for use with a cut away design.

Stitches of Hardanger Embroidery Illus 2 - Vintage Crafts and More

This 4½ minute video on YouTube, Beginning Hardanger explains visually how to begin Hardanger embroidery.

The PDF file you can download for later is an article, Fundamental Stitches of Hardanger Embroidery that comes from a 1920’s Star Needlework Journal magazine.

Stitches of Hardanger Embroidery PDF

The article is in pdf format so to read it you’ll need the Adobe Reader software on your computer. Most computers come with it, but it is free and can be found here.

Download Instructions: Right-Click the link and select either “save target as” or “save link as” depending on what browser you are using or simply click on it and save or print.

If you like this page, be sure to share it with your friends and like our Facebook Fanpage so you can get updates every time we post new patterns.

Please share your favorite needlework hints, tips and projects in the comments below or with us on Facebook.

Enjoy!

Victorian Filet Crochet Pattern Floral Tea Table Cloth Diagrams

Share with your friends...Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterPrint this pagePin on PinterestShare on Google+

Welcome to VTNS (Vintage Textile and Needlework Sellers) Fan Freebie Friday!

This filet crochet tea table cloth pattern was in a 1925 Star Needlework Journal magazine by the American Thread Co. It’s a beautiful floral cloth for a small table.

Vintage Crafts and More - Filet Crochet Pattern Tea Table Cloth

I can just picture the Victorian ladies sitting around the table covered with this pretty handmade cloth having tea in the afternoon.

This is the diagram for the flower baskets in the corners.

Vintage Crafts and More - Filet Crochet Flower Pot Pattern

and this diagram is the floral border.

Vintage Crafts and More - Filet Crochet Pattern Flower Border

The PDF file below includes three pages of the diagrams and the instructions.

Filet Crochet Pattern Tea Table Cloth

These patterns are in PDF format so to download it you’ll need the Adobe Reader software on your computer. Most computers come with it, but it is free and can be found here.

Download Instructions: Right-Click the link and select either “save target as” or “save link as” depending on what browser you are using or simply click on it and save or print.

Here’s another post that has a Filet Crochet pattern for a Linen Tray Cloth or Placemat and if you’d like to learn more about Filet Crochet visit this post, Exploring Filet Crochet.

If you like this page, be sure to share it with your friends and like our Facebook Fan Page. We post a new vintage pattern every Friday.

Please share your favorite type of needlework, hints, tips and projects in the comments below or with us on Facebook

Enjoy!